Business: Theory and Practice 7(3): 168-173, doi: 10.3846/btp.2006.21
Gender Equality in the Labour Market: Women and Men Wage Differentials
expand article infoVirginija Grybaitė
Open Access

Earnings are the fundamental determinant of economic welfare for employed individuals, as well as of the potential gain to market employment for those not currently employed. Earnings are important as a social indicator specifically in relation to gender equality. Ten years after the Beijing conference the gender wage gap still exists in the EU labour market. This paper gives a brief review of economic theories and different approaches to explain the wage gap problem and importance of legislation to combat wage discrimination.


occupational segregation; human capital; gender equality; earnings; discrimination