Business: Theory and Practice 15(4): 294-301, doi: 10.3846/btp.2014.516
The Research of the Causal Relationship Between Unemployment and Emigration in Lithuania
expand article infoGitana Dudzeviciute, Justinas Čekanauskas
‡ Generolo Jono Žemaičio Lietuvos karo akademija, Lithuania
Open Access
Abstract
This paper aims to investigate the causal relationship between unemployment and emigration in Lithuania using Granger – causality test. The research is based on annual data spanning the period of 2004–2012. The investigation encompasses two steps. Firstly, the authors have analyzed the Lithuanian position regarding relationship between unemployment rate and emigration in the context of the European Union countries; secondly, the causality between unemployment and emigration has been determined in the case of Lithuania. On the basis of the European Union countries statistical data, results of the research have revealed a weak correlation between unemployment rate and emigration. On the contrary, evidence has suggested the existence of a strong relationship between unemployment and emigration in Lithuania. Results of the Granger – causality test have showed that unemployment impacts on emigration in Lithuania.
Keywords
unemployment rate; migration; emigration; causal relationship; correlation relationship; Granger test.